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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王炎川(2008)。台灣另類學校家長教育選擇權意識發展之研究-以宜蘭慈心華德福學校為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學學校行政碩士在職班。台北市。
  2. 王雅惠(2007)。覺醒與爭權的社會行動-另類學校家長教育選擇權意識之個案研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立政治大學幼兒教育研究所。台北市。
  3. 朱啟華(2008)。論康德的教育學說及其性格。臺中教育大學學報:教育類,22(3),1-14。
  4. 吳清山(1999)。教育基本法的基本精神與重要內涵。學校行政,2,28-41。
  5. 周志宏(1998)。體制內/外教育的迷思:從教育哲學、歷史與憲法保障談起。人本教育札記,106,74-76。
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