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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王玉葉 (2000),〈歐洲聯盟之輔助原則〉,《歐美研究》,第30卷,第2期,中央研究院歐美研究所。
  2. 3. 林建山 (2001),〈施政再造以強化職訓再就業效果:歐洲勞動市場政策開放對我國之啟示〉,《就業與訓練月雙月刊》,第19卷,第4期,行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
  3. 4. 許琇媛 (2005),〈歐盟憲法條約探討歐盟與會員國間之權限劃分〉,《歐洲國際論壇》,第1期,南華大學。
  4. 2. Becker, Gary S. (1993), Human Capital: a theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  5. 3. Brettell, Caroline B. and Hollifield, James F. (2000). Migration Theory: Talking across Disciplines, New York: Routledge.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 薛政文(2009)。比利時健康保險制度之研究。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-123。 
  2. 徐怡雯(2008)。歐盟能源政策研究(1997-2007)。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-132。 
  3. 趙德明(2008)。WTO自由貿易架構下歐盟農業貿易之分析研究。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-304。 
  4. 莊婷(2013)。在台外籍勞工之健康促進生活型態、工作壓力與心理健康。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2013。1-158。 
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