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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳復新(2003),人力資源管理-理論分析與實務應用,台北:華泰文化事業公司。
  2. 施能傑(2002a),公務人員考選制度的政策評估,考試院二十一世紀文官體制展國際會議論文,1-39。
  3. 黃英忠、吳復新、趙必孝(2003),人力資源管理,台北:國立空中大學。
  4. 陳珮婷(2007),英國高級文官制度之研究-考選與任用之觀點,台灣大學政社會科學院政治學系碩士論文。
  5. 彭錦鵬(2005a),高級文官考選與晉用制度之研究,台北:考試院研究發展委員會。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 韓錦秋(2008)。公務人員升遷評鑑指標之研究:以外交部薦任晉升簡任人員為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-119。 
  2. 王思嵐(2013)。臺北市高職餐飲管理科建教生實習先備職能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-171。
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