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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林易申、王鐘慶、潘玉玲、劉沁瑜、高東煒、羅慶徽、闕宗熙、李美璇、 周稚傑 。2011。管灌飲食對護理之家住民營養狀態影響之回溯性分 析。台灣家庭醫學雜誌21(3):107-119。
  2. 金惠民、田玫、廖英因。2002。老人居家護理個案營養介入之成效探討。 台灣營養學會雜誌 27 (4):135-145。
  3. 金惠民、曾美惠。2011。商業配方在長期照護個案的應用。台灣營養學會雜誌 3 (2) :1-13。 
  4. 陳清惠。2004。老人營養狀況之評估。護理雜誌51:10-14。
  5. 黃金蓮。1993。某教學醫院住院病人發生壓瘡之相關因素探討。護理雜 誌40 (4):47-55。
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