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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 16 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志音 (民92)。誰使用了非西醫的補充與另類療法? 社會人口特質的無區隔性與健康需求的作用。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,3,155-166。
  2. 朱怡儒(民98)。乳癌病患的社會支持及生活品質之研究-以臺北市某跨院性乳癌病友支持團體為例(碩士論文)。取自
  3. 沈佩瑩(民98)。肌肉骨骼疾病之輔助與另類療法的使用:病患與復健科專業人員的態度與互動經驗(碩士論文)。 取自
  4. 周少華、黃以文、廖以誠、黃靜宜、邱南英 (民93)。義工癌症病人之團體治療效果評估。The Changhua Journal of Medicine,s,261-266。
  5. 林育靖(民98)。安寧病房醫護人員對病患使用輔助與替代醫療的態度(碩士論文)。 取自
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