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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 196 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧瑞芬、曾旭民、蔡益堅(2003)。國人生活品質評量(Ⅰ):SF-36台灣版的發展及心理計量特質分析。台灣公共衛生雜誌,22(6),501-511。
  2. 盧怡任、黃正鵠(2004)。臺南市行為困擾國中生之非理性信念與焦慮、憂鬱情緒之相關研究。諮商輔導學報,11,81-108。
  3. 江宜珍, 李蘭, 吳文琪, 邱玉蟬,鄭其嘉,盛慧珊(2011) 。「台灣青少年幽默測量工具」之發展與編製。《測驗學刊》專刊,179-205。
  4. 江弘基、戴傅文、李明濱、王銘光、張文穎、蔡佩樺(2006)。老人自殺問題。臺灣醫學,10,353-361。
  5. 林仁川、嚴懿宏譯(2002)。TAI高齡者照護計畫之制定:分類分級評量。臺北:中華民國長期照護專業協會。
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