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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王菁莞、林佑樺、李來涼、簡婉儀、陸椿梅(2014)•探討多媒體護理指導對婦科開腹手術病人術前焦慮之成效•護理暨健康照護研究,10(3),169-177。doi:10.6225/JNHR.10.3.169
  2. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2015,3月)•103年外籍勞工運用及管理調查•取自
  3. 向雅玲、彭台珠、楊福麟、蘇泉發、李茹萍(2011)•衛教介入對頭部外傷病人主要照顧者焦慮與疾病知識之影響•新臺北護理期刊,13(1),33-42。doi:10.6540/NTJN.2011.1.004
  4. 何宜蓁、徐菊容(2010)提升外籍看護工執行居家個案照護技能正確率之方案•長期照護雜誌,14(1),75-87。
  5. 李蕙瓊、賀湘君、車慧蓮(2015) •長期照護機構外籍看護工適應歷程之前驅性研究•長期照護雜誌,19(1),41-58。DOI:10.6317/LTC.19.41
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