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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國內政部統計處(2020).107年第15週內政統計通報(107年4月14日).2020年5月取自
  2. 中華民國內政部統計處(2020).109年第32週內政統計通報(108年國人平均壽命達80.9歲,再創新高).2020年8月取自
  3. 王儒聰、江秀玲、吳予丹(2016).物理治療對居家個案疼痛介入之應用.長期照護雜誌,20(1),35-41。doi:10.6317/LTC.20.35
  4. 王顏和譯(2011).國際機能、失能和健康分類。衛生署委託「國際健康功能與身心障礙分類系統-兒童與青少年版推動計畫」 (99M4073)。
  5. 何曉婷、劉立凡、郭乃文(2016).台灣南部地區老年憂鬱情緒之影響因子探討.台灣家庭醫學雜誌,26(2),100-108。doi: 10.3966/168232812016062602004
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