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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王涵芸、廖益興(2016)。網路使用行為與學業成就之研究--以新竹市公立國小六年級學生為例。中華行政學報,No.18:75-95
  2. 2. 王智弘(2008)。網路成癮的成因分析與輔導策略。輔導季刊,44(1):1-12。
  3. 4. 何英奇(2015)。大學生網路性成癮之評估及相關因素的研究。學生事務與輔導,53(4):46-61。
  4. 5. 何振珮、朱正一(2012)。國中生網路成癮傾向與深信健康、學業成績之相關性研究。志為護理-慈濟護理雜誌,11(5):56-68。
  5. 6. 吳佳儀、李明濱、徐春娣、林如玉、黃壬屏、陳錫中(2016)。社區精神暨心理衛生護理的新視野。台灣醫學,20(1):96-105。
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