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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 226 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王煥琛(1998).青少年性的發展與輔導研討之.台灣教育,566,14-23。
  2. 王瑞霞(1999).正視未婚少女懷孕問題•台灣醫學,3(3),338 - 341。
  3. 王瑞霞(2000).青少年性健康促進.護理雜誌,47(1),26-31。
  4. 江東亮主編(2010).台灣嬰幼兒健康圖像.台北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  5. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2010).新版兒童生長曲線圖。摘自:
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅斤汎(2013)。青少女所生嬰兒(六個月大)對醫療利用率之相關探討 ----台灣出生世代研究結果。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2013。1-163。 
  2. 王湘雲(2018)。嬰兒照顧模式與睡眠型態之相關性研究。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2018。1-80。 
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