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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯華葳, 陳明蕾, & 廖家寧. (2005). 詞頻, 詞彙類型與眼球運動型態: 來自篇章閱讀的證據. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 47(4), 381-398.
  2. 張順展(2013) 臺灣國小學童課後學習質量與屈光狀態之相關。碩士論文,未發表,臺中市。
  3. 陳學志、賴惠德、邱發忠(2010)。眼球追蹤技術在學習與教育上的應用。教育科學研究期刊,55(4),39-68。
  4. Abdi, S., & Rydberg, A. (2005). Asthenopia in schoolchildren, orthoptic and ophthalmological findings and treatment. Documenta ophthalmologica, 111(2), 65-72.
  5. Allison, C. L., Gabriel, H., Schlange, D., & Fredrickson, S. (2007). An optometric approach to patients with sensory integration dysfunction. Optometry-Journal of the American Optometric Association, 78(12), 644-651.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊諺(2014)。睫狀肌麻痺劑的使用對臺灣國小學童視覺的影響(以淡水區為例)。中山醫學大學生物醫學科學學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-143。 
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