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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余幸宜、于漱、李蘭(2004)•老年人之健康促進•台灣醫學,8(4),582-589。
  2. 呂淑妤、林宗義(2000)•南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率及相關因素研究•中華公共衛生雜誌,19(1),50-60。
  3. 吳淑瓊、徐慧娟、莊媖智、張明正(1996)•功能評估在估計台灣社區老人長期照護需要的應用•中華衛誌,15(6),533-545。
  4. 呂寶靜(2000)•老人朋友網絡支持功能之初探•社會政策與社會工作學刊,4(2),
  5. 林怡君、余豎文、張宏哲(2004).新店地區機構與非機構老人憂鬱情形及相關因素之調查.台灣家醫誌,14(2),81-93。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇育民(2011)。退休與社會資本之相關性探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-85。 
  2. 李婉蔆(2010)。台灣中老年人自覺壓力、社會支持和憂鬱傾向之相關性探討。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-96。 
  3. 謝宜芳(2008)。老年人個人屬性、依附風格、心理需求與憂鬱情緒之關係研究~以高雄市長青學苑老年人為例。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2008。1-178。
  4. 劉由貴(2015)。高齡學習者社會支持、情緒管理與成功老化關係之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-224。
  5. 葉昭君(2015)。家庭照顧者健康狀況及睡眠品質之探討-以居家護理個案為例。高雄醫學大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-123。
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