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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱育增、吳肖琪(2010)•回顧與探討次級資料適用之共病測量方法,臺灣公共衛生雜誌,29(1),8―21。
  2. 呂淑華、戴玉慈(2010)•病歷回顧研究之方法學,臺灣醫學,14(5),583―587。
  3. 李耀泰、陳福民、沈仁達、郭宗正(2011)•對化學治療所引起延遲性嘔吐的治療,中華民國婦癌醫學雜誌,(1),1―14。
  4. 林滿、王復德(2006)•靜脈內植式輸液塞在植入早期及接受後產生合併症機率•榮總護理,23(1),17―23。岳志瑛、李俊英、余春華、趙淑珍、符琰(2010)•成都市某醫學中心周邊置入中心靜脈導管合併症的現況及其相關護理,護理雜誌,57(3),79―85。
  5. 洪敏瑛、邱文姿、陳淑娟、戴仕卿、蕭逸美(2013)•癌症病人嗜中性白血球低下臨床照護指引,腫瘤護理雜誌,(13),79―92。
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