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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台北榮總護理部研究發展委員會 (2002) 。社會支持在長期照顧之簡介。榮總護理,19,338-340。
  2. 江信男、林旻沛、柯慧貞 (2005)。台灣地區老人的生理疾病多寡、自覺生理健康、社會支持度與憂鬱嚴重度。臨床心理學刊, 2(1),11-22。
  3. 呂寶靜 (2000)。老人朋友網絡支持功能初探。社會政策與社會工作學刊,4(2), 43-88。
  4. 李素貞、葉明珍、林惠娟 (2002) 。中部地區長期療養機構住民身體、認知功能及問題行為的評估。弘光學報,39,1-9。
  5. 周玉慧、楊文山、莊義利 (1998)。晚年生活壓力、社會支持與老人身心健康。人文與社會科學集刊,12(2),227-265。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張梅芳(2011)。失能老人及主要照顧者社會支持系統之探討與建構。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-193。 
  2. 林佳慧(2015)。靈性照顧對安老所老人生活適應之探討。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2015。1-126。 
  3. 劉由貴(2015)。高齡學習者社會支持、情緒管理與成功老化關係之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2015。1-224。
  4. 陳銘村(2016)。原住民成人學習者社會支持、自我效能與學習動機關係之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-196。
  5. 顧晉豪(2017)。建構小腦萎縮症患者的社會支持網絡評估工具。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-93。
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