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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 157 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 例,朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系,未出版之碩士論文,台中市。
  2. 7.李青(2011),家長式領導、工作滿足與留任意願關係之研究-以臺灣國際觀光旅館為例,國立高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所,未出版之碩士論文,高雄市。
  3. 8.李青松與趙振維(2008),大學餐旅科系的校外實習制度之探討,餐旅暨家政學刊,第5卷第3期,247-272頁。
  4. 10.李祥銘(2009),我國金融產業購併後組織認同與組織承諾之研究,國立台北大學企業管理所,未出版之博士論文,台北市。
  5. 11.沈枝賢(2014),財富管理業務人員薪酬公平性與工作滿意、組織承諾與離職傾向之關係研究-以台灣地區某銀行為例,朝陽科技大學企業管理所,未出版之碩士論文,台中市。
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