Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.王瑞蓮、劉燦榮、潘文涵、蕭寧馨(2010)。台灣地區老人營養健康狀況調查 1999-2000 老年人鐵營養狀況和缺乏盛行率。
  2. 6.李素貞、郭憲文、戴玉慈(1997)。中部三縣市長期照護機構與照護人力特性之調查。台灣公共衛生雜誌,24(3):179-191。
  3. 11.邱怡玟、林文元、謝柏均、李佳霙、邱瓊慧 (2005)。長期照護機構住民營養狀態評估指標之研究。實證護理雜誌,1 (2):112-122。
  4. 12.高美丁,曾明淑,葉文婷,張英韶,潘文涵(2008)。國民營養健康狀況變遷調查1993-1996 台灣地區居民體位及肥胖狀況。國民健康局。
  5. 16.黃金蓮(1993)。某教學醫院住院病人發生壓瘡之相關因素探討。實證護理雜誌,40(4):47-55。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :