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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Barker DJP. Mothers, Babies and Health in Later Life. Edinburg: Churchill Livingstone, 1998.
  2. 2.Wadsworth MEJ, Kuh DJL. Childhood influences on adult health: a review of work from the British 1946 national birth cohort study, the MRC national survey of health development. Padiat Perinat Epidemiol 1997;11:2-20.
  3. 3.Batty GD, Morton SM, Campbell D et al. The Aberdeen Children of the 1950s cohort study: background, methods and follow-up information on a new resource for the study of life course and intergenerational influences on health. Padiat Perinat Epidemiol 2004;18:221-39.
  4. 6.Connoly G, Byren P. Teenage pregnancies and risk of late fetal death and infant mortality. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1999;106:1230.
  5. 7.Orvos H, Nyirati I, Hajdu J, Pal A, Nyari T, Kovacs L. Is adolescent pregnancy associated with adverse perinatal outcome? J Perinat Med 1999;27:199-203.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴文雅(2008)。人工生殖懷雙胞胎孕婦體重增加型態與新生兒結果之相關。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2008。1-62。 
  2. 蔡一賢(2010)。懷孕前身體質量指數及懷孕期體重增加量與懷孕結果相關性之研究。臺北醫學大學保健營養學研究所學位論文。2010。1-90。 
  3. 施淑芳(2011)。雙親家庭中母親工作、養育資源以及兒童早期健康與發展。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-243。 
  4. 許晉誠(2007)。雙親因素與幼兒健康之相關性研究:台灣出生世代研究之先驅調查(十八個月大)結果。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2007。1-95。
  5. 朱少良(2008)。雙親因素與幼兒健康之相關性研究:台灣出生世代研究之先驅調查 (三十六個月大)結果。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2008。1-112。
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