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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王九華、馬素華、楊賢鴻、陳盈霖(2008)•以台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷為基礎的過敏性鼻炎問卷之發展,護理雜誌,55(3),49-60。
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2011)•新世紀臺灣嬰幼兒健康圖像。
  3. 李淑杏(2011)•人工生殖技術所生嬰兒至18個月大成長與相關因子之研究-台灣出生世代研究(博士論文)•中山醫學大學護理系研究所。
  4. 宋怡慧、王藍浣、黃雅淑、徐永玟(2008)•臺灣五歲極低體重早產兒發展初探,職能治療學會雜誌•26(1),1-18。
  5. 林合晴、湯澡薰(2006)•臺灣地區經人工協助生殖產下單胞胎新生兒健康結果•臺灣醫學,10(3),277-291。
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