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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.邱怡玟、林文元、謝柏均、李佳霙、邱瓊慧。長期照護機構住營養狀態評估指標之研究,實證護理,1(2),pp112-22,2005。
  2. 4.林易申、王鐘慶、潘玉玲。管灌飲食對護理之家住民營養狀態影響之回溯性分析。台灣家醫誌,21,pp107-21,2011。
  3. 5.吳紅蓮、曾進忠、宋俊明。透析病人之營養評估以及臨床應用I。 腎臟與透析,22(3),pp163-8,2010。
  4. 6.周碧瑟、董道興、李佳琳、莊紹源、林敬恆、楊南屏。台灣地區糖尿病流行病學。台灣衛誌,21(2),pp 83-96,2002。
  5. 7.陳慧環、梁雲、林芳仁。血清前白蛋白做為接受放射治療中的頭頸部腫瘤病患之營養指標。中華民國營養學會雜誌,14,pp119-125,1989。
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