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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李英芬、蔡麗雲、張澤芸 (2008).末期癌症病人主要照顧者負荷相關因素.安寧療護,13 (4),394-410。
  2. 屈蓮、白璐、鄧光銳、王修平 (1996).大台北地區主要照顧者知工作負荷量及對居家照顧服務之需求程度的調查.中華衛誌,15 (4),289-302。
  3. 邱啟潤、陳武宗、陳宜品 (2005).慢性病病患家庭照顧者支持系統之研究.長期照護雜誌,9 (3),245-262。
  4. 邱啟潤、許淑敏、吳瓊滿 (2002).主要照顧者負荷壓力與因應之國內研究文獻回顧.醫科技學刊,4 (4),273-290。
  5. 邱逸榛、黃舒萱、徐亞瑛 (2004).阿茲海默氏症患者照顧者疲憊、負荷與憂鬱之間的關係.長期照護雜誌,7 (4),338-351。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯又文(2016)。居家護理失能者之主要照顧者照顧負荷和憂鬱及其相關因素探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-70。
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