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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署:中華民國公共衛生概況。(2004) 台北:衛生署
  2. 林威龍,香菸燃燒之主流煙中活性含氧物種(ROS)之分析與探討,國立臺灣大學環境衛生研究所碩士論文,民國91年6月
  3. Ambrose, J. A., and Barua, R. S. (2004). The pathophysiology of cigarette smoking and cardiovascular disease: an update. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 43, 1731-1737.
  4. Anazawa, T., Dimayuga, P. C., Li, H., Tani, S., Bradfield, J., Chyu, K. Y., Kaul, S., Shah, P. K., and Cercek, B. (2004). Effect of exposure to cigarette smoke on carotid artery intimal thickening: the role of inducible NO synthase. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 24, 1652-1658.
  5. Barua, R. S., Ambrose, J. A., Eales-Reynolds, L. J., DeVoe, M. C., Zervas, J. G., and Saha, D. C. (2001). Dysfunctional endothelial nitric oxide biosynthesis in healthy smokers with impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. Circulation 104, 1905-1910.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張盈詩(2010)。異硫氰酸鹽對氧化型低密度脂蛋白誘發血管內皮細胞黏著分子表現之探討。中國醫藥大學營養學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-54。
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