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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文娟(2001)。「家」對智障者之成年手足的意涵。慈濟大學社會工作學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王翠彬、宋素真、劉麗英、丁秀蓉(2002)。急性精神病患重覆住院改善方案。榮總護理,19(4),353-361。
  3. 田禮瑋(2008)。由家庭脈絡呈現重鬱症病友手足的聲音。臺灣大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
  4. 任麗華(2011)。影響精神障礙者就業之重要因素分析。中華心理衛生學刊,24(1),1-23。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會(2009)。中華民國九十八年台灣地區身心障礙者勞動狀況調查報告。台北:行政院勞工委員會。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐開慧(2015)。手足罹患思覺失調症之壓力因應模式。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2015。1-144。
  2. 張育瑛(2016)。思覺失調症患者手足的生命經驗初探。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2016。1-128。
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