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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳心怡、花茂棽、張本聖、陳榮華(2011)。以魏氏兒童智力量表第四版四因素為基礎之簡式版本分析:臨床應用指引。測驗學刊,58(4),585-611。
  2. 陳榮華、陳心怡(2007)。魏氏兒童智力量表第四版 (中文版) 指導手冊。台北市: 中國行為科學社。
  3. 黃守廉、高淑芬、許文耀、曾幼涵(2007)。注意力資源與時間知覺雙重作業之關係。臺灣精神醫學,21(3),185-195。
  4. 趙家琛、蔡彤寧、杜玉禎(2010)。兒童問題鑑別診斷的挑戰:注意力缺陷過動症與亞斯伯格症的比較。國教新知,57(1),2-12。
  5. 劉昱志、劉士凱、商志雍、林建禾、杜長齡、高淑芬(2006)。注意力缺陷過動症中文版Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham, Version IV(SNAP-IV)量表之常模及信效度。台灣精神醫學,20(4),290-304。
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