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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.Retrieved May 28, 2014,from
  2. 王麗雪、何美瑤、呂桂雲、葉淑惠(2007)。照顧者社會支持、照顧評價和失能 老人家庭照顧品質的相關性探討。實證護理,3,177-187。
  3. 王靜枝、胡嘉容、張文芸(2011)。與失智患者之有效溝通策略及方法,護理雜 誌,58,85-90。
  4. 邱銘章(2012)。阿茲海默症新進展,台灣醫學,16,359-359。
  5. 邱啟潤、陳武宗、陳宜品(2005)。慢性病病患家庭照顧者支持系統之研究。長期照護雜誌,9 ,245-262.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯又文(2016)。居家護理失能者之主要照顧者照顧負荷和憂鬱及其相關因素探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-70。
  2. 卓宜陵(2017)。外籍看護工社會支持與憂鬱之相關性探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2017。1-54。
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