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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 190 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王香蘋(2004) •1999台灣地區中老年人健康狀況之探討•弘光學報,43,95-109。
  2. 江信男(2004)•罹病嚴重度、自覺健康、社會支持與台灣地區老人憂鬱之關係•未發表之碩士論文,台南:國立成功大學。
  3. 戎瑾如(2003 )•中老年多元化心理健康促進策略與服務模式之發展與成效探討•行政院衛生署國民健康局科技研究發展成果報告(報告編號:D0H92-HP-1102),未出版。
  4. 呂美玲(2003)•老年人健康狀況、身體活動與功能性體適能相關之探討•國立臺灣師範大學體育學研究所碩士論文,未出版。2004年5月20日,取自「全國碩博士論文資訊網」:編號:91NTNU1567025)。
  5. 呂淑妤、林宗義(2000) •南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率相關因素研究•中華衛誌,(1),50-59。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江文忍(2010)。護理之家住民之自我照顧行為及其相關因素探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  2. 巫秀鳳(2011)。笑笑功對於長期照護機構住民心理健康促進的實證研究。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-129。 
  3. 彭雅莉(2012)。長期照護機構老人憂鬱現況及其相關因素之研究。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-134。 
  4. 蔡惠怡(2007)。安養護、長期照護機構社工人員組織承諾影響因素之探討。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2007。1-140。 
  5. 陳玉枝(Yu-Chih Chen);黃慧雯(Hui-Wen Huang);張于慧(Yu-Hui Chang);江淑禎(Shu-Chen Chiang);陳玉萍(Yu-Ping Chen);白玉珠(Yu-Chu Pai)(2013)。建立高齡榮民病人轉銜服務照護模式之成效分析。榮總護理。30(4)。376-385。 
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