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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文芳、陳玉敏(2004)•家屬安置老人於長期照護機構之經驗•長期照護雜誌,8(3),327-344。
  2. 王月伶、王文玲(2004)•家庭復原力模式之臨床應用--協助一位呼吸器依賴病患家庭調適之護理經驗•長庚護理,15(1),90-98。
  3. 江玲玲、吳清平、王儷穎、吳英黛(2004)•呼吸器依賴患者的生活功能及生活品質•物理治療,29(1),40-47。
  4. 成令方(2000)•質性研究工作坊系列二:訪談法(2)•婦女與兩性研究通訊,56,8-10。
  5. 余玉眉、蔣欣欣、陳月枝、蘇燦煮、劉玉秀(1999)•質性研究資料的量化及詮釋--從研究例證探討臨床護理研究方法與認識學第一部份:質性臨床護理研究之方法學及認識學的探討•護理研究,7(3),276-288。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳倩宜(2014)。探討慢性阻塞性肺病病人之罹病經驗。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-69。 
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