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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱豔芬、唐修平、曾詩雯(2003).改良式腹式呼吸法促進慢性阻塞性肺疾病患肺功能與活動能力之效果.台灣醫學,7(4),492-501。
  2. 姚開屏(2002).健康相關生活品質概念與測量原理之簡介.台灣醫學,6(2),183-192。
  3. 姚開屏(2002).臺灣簡版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用.台灣醫學,6(3),193-200。
  4. 陳綱華、洪碩屏(2002).運動訓練對慢性阻塞性肺部疾病病人改善活動耐力之成效.慈濟護理雜誌,1(2),31-35。
  5. 陳夏蓮、吳子卿、李薇莉、梁天麗(2006).慢性阻塞性肺疾病患生活品質相關因素.台灣醫學,10(3),309-317。
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