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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文文獻
  2. 于博芮、胡文郁、胡月娟、周守民、吳韻淑、羅筱芬、李惠玲(2012).成人內外科護理 (五版).台北市:華杏。[Yu, PJ, Hu, WY, Hwu, YJ, Chou, SM, Wu, Y. S., Lo, SF,... Lee, HL (2012). Adult health nursing . Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC: Farseeing.]
  3. 王娜娜、陳宏一、鄭愛琴、紀宗呈、陳欽明、紀宗利(2015).呼吸衰竭病人延遲脫離的影響因子初探.醫務管理期刊,16(3),205-221。
  4. 王淑珍、劉瑞芳、王淑慧、王金洲、李英俊(2013).長期呼吸器依賴病患之主要照顧者負荷與需求探討-以南區呼吸照護病房與居家照護為例.呼吸治療,12(2),1-15。
  5. 王瑪麗、柯政昌、賴超倫、林綉玲、林麗芬(2015).衛教指導對於呼吸器依賴患者家屬選擇慢性呼吸照護病房或是居家照護之影響.呼吸治療,14(2),38-38。
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