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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] 梁亞文、蔡哲宏、陳文意(2011)。非緊急急診病人特性及其相關因素探討。
  2. [3] Mahapatra, S., Koelling, C. P., Patvivatsiri, L., Fraticelli, B., Eitel, D., & Grove, L. (2003). Emergency departments II: Pairing emergency severity index5-level triage data with computer aided system design to improve emergency department access and throughput. Proceedings of the 35th conference on Winter simulation: driving innovation, 1917-1925.
  3. [4] 姜錦燁及王榮德(1987)。台北市十一家急救責任醫院急診室之使用適當性評估。中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌,6,56-73。
  4. [8] 黃金安、賴其勳及胡哲安(2006)。急診醫療服務與其他醫療服務之類別間關係。臺灣公共衛生學雜誌,25,384-393。
  5. [10] Hoot, N. R., & Aronsky, D. (2005). Systematic review of emergency department crowding: causes, effects, and solutions. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 52(2), 126-136. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2008.03.014
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 駱品妏(2015)。加護病房管理模擬流程最佳化之探討─以中部某醫學中心為例。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-78。 
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