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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 239 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abascal, K., Yarnell, E. (2005). Using bitter melon to treat diabetes. Alternative and Complemetary Medicine 10, 179-184.
  2. Adams, L.A., Feldstein, A.E. (2011). Non-invasive diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Journal of Digestive Diseases 12, 10-16.
  3. Ahmed, I., Lakhani, M.S., Gillett, M., John, A., Raza, H. (2001). Hypotriglyceridemic and hypocholesterolemic effects of anti-diabetic Momordicacharantia (karela) fruit extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 51, 155-161.
  4. Alenzi, F.Q. (2004) Links between apoptosis, proliferation and the cell cycle. British Journal of Biomedical Science 61, 99-102.
  5. Alisi, A., Cianfarani, S., Manco, M., Agostoni, C., Nobili, V. (2012). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and metabolic syndrome in adolescents: pathogenetic role of genetic background and intrauterine environment. Annals of Medicine 44, 29-40.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾健維(2015)。蘋果苦瓜果肉水萃取物改善高油脂飲食所誘導大鼠肥胖症。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2015。1-86。 
  2. 許玲瑄(2015)。四角菱角殼萃取物對脂肪細胞脂質生合成和肌管細胞粒線體功能之影響及其分子機轉研究。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2015。1-125。
  3. 林慧蓉(2016)。有機合成物與球薑酮之體外抗發炎作用及其分子機轉研究。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2016。1-150。
  4. 侯欣宇(2017)。以3T3-L1脂肪細胞評估荔枝花乙醇萃取物抑制脂質生合成的作用與機轉。中山醫學大學健康餐飲暨產業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-75。
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