Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 2. 許聖章、張靜貞。台灣颱風災害之影響評估-以蔬菜供需爲例。應用經濟論叢 89期 (2011 / 06 / 01)P31–62。
  2. 13. 林學詩。蔬菜農業氣象災害與因應策略。行政院農業委員會花蓮區農業改良場專題。Environment & Bioinformatics, Vol. 4, March 2007 P23-34。
  3. 15. 王建斌。氣溫和雨量對蔬菜交易之影響--以西螺果菜市場大白菜為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2012年。
  4. 25. 蔡憲唐、蕭宏金、洪嘉聰、陳彥鉛。我國農產品產銷履歷政策之實證研究。行政暨政策學報55期(2012 / 12 / 01)P67–108。
  5. 29. 鄭博元。消費者健康價值觀對有機餐廳消費行為意圖與願付價格之影響。國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與餐旅管理研究所碩士論文。2016年。
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