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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組.台灣版世界衛生組織生 活品質問卷之發展簡介(2000)∙台灣公共衛生雜誌,19(4),315-332。
  2. 李惟陽、蔡俊逸(2002)∙食道癌,當代醫學,29(1),9-12。
  3. 李芸湘、蔡芸芳、賴裕和、高瑞和(2002)∙肺癌病患在化學治療期間疲憊程度及其相關因素,台灣醫學,6(6),797-804。
  4. 季瑋珠、楊志新、許駿、賴佳君(2002)∙癌症病人特定疾病EORTC生活品質量表簡介,台灣醫學,6(2) ,220-227。
  5. 林春香、劉雪娥、廖張京隸(1993)∙腎臟移植病患生活品質及其相關因素之討論,護理研究,1(4),369-379。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃麗華(2006)。肝癌患者之希望、社會支持與生活品質的相關性探討。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2006。1-123。 
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