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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 白玉珠、陳怡礽、陳姿伶(2003).提升某加護中心病人及家屬對護理指導之滿意
  2. 李雅玲、林安麗、林宜蓉(2000).系統性護理指導對腸造口病童照顧者的影響,
  3. 李碧娥、林秋菊、鐘信心(1999).搭起護理人員與個案間的橋樑—運用學習理論
  4. 杜莉娟、李美玉、張德馨(2007).運用多媒體於產後團體護理指導知改善專案.
  5. 巫曉玲(2004).衛教光碟及單張冠狀動脈心臟病患飲食認知與自我效能之成效比
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張淑芬(2015)。教學光碟飲食指導對血液透析病人飲食控制的成效。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2015。1-88。 
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