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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑞瑤、葉佳文、王素芳、陳怡年、朱展業、閻永珍、黃敬雯、邱嘉如、余恆君(1998).物理治療師工作相關之疼痛.中華物療誌,23(1):25-32。
  2. 李琳琳、張玲珍、黃金淑、郭憲文(1997).中部地區某教學醫院醫護人員對工作環境危害認知之研究.中華職業醫學雜誌(復刊號), 4(2),83-92。
  3. 李永輝、秋文科、黃美涓.護理人員下背痛問題之探討(1)—問卷調查分析.勞工安全衛生研究季刊,I,51-60。
  4. 行政院勞工委員會(1993)•行政院勞工委員會:醫療保健安全衛生實務手冊•安全衛生叢書,11(1),3-107。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會(2002)•勞工安全衛生法•台北:行政院勞工委員會。自http://lane/
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 薛玉好(2012)。護理人員工作投入對其下背痛與工作績效關係之影響。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-76。 
  2. 余傑明(2012)。醫療院所從業人員安全衛生認知與執行現況探討 -以某一公立醫院為例。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-96。 
  3. 黃保榮(2011)。醫院護理人員工作壓力及職業災害相關之探討。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-134。 
  4. 林玲欽(2007)。護理人員的職業安全衛生知識、態度及行為之探討。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-108。
  5. 徐雅嵐(2008)。高風險社會工作專業人員之案主暴力風險知覺與人身安全現況研究。政治大學社會行政與社會工作研究所學位論文。2008。1-126。
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