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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 10.葉至誠,當代社會問題,揚智文化事業股份有限公司,2003年10月出版。
    2. 13.曾妙慧,社會安全與社會保險,華泰文化事業股份有限公司,西元2002年12月初版。
    3. 21.張世雄,社會保險的社會邏輯,社會安全問題之探討,中正大學社會福利學系暨研究所,民國82年4月。
    4. 2.李宗派,人口老化與其變遷趨勢之探討,台灣老人保健學刊,2卷第1期,2006年7月。
    5. 10.鍾秉正,年金財產權之憲法保障—從司法院大法官會議釋字四三四號解釋出發,中正法學集刊第十期,民國九十一年十一月。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 楊兆豐(2014)。從活力老化與世代團結觀點探討台灣勞保年金改革及活化勞動市場。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2014。1-193。
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