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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳芝儀、李奉儒譯;Michael Quinn Patton著
    2. 2000《生涯輔導與諮商:理論與實務》,嘉義:濤石文化。
    3. 2006〈師資培育法變革對提昇優值教師素質之教育實習核心策略探討〉,台北,學校行政雙月刊,41,176-187。
    4. 教育實習手冊編輯小組
    5. 楊仁壽、俞慧芸、許碧芬等合譯;Gareth R. Jones著
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳宜樺(2010)。我國國民小學實習輔導教師遴選與獎勵措施之研究。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-220。 
    2. 陳漢峻(2011)。國民小學教育實習與教師資格檢定制度回應性評估之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-233。
    3. 鄭家強(2015)。警專實習教育課程成效評估及其影響因素。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2015。1-104。
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