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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.Brazel Y., 1997, Economic analysis of property rights, New York: Cambridge University Press.
  2. 4.DeGrove, J. M., 1992, The new frontier for land policy : planning and growth management in the States, Cambridge, Mass. : Lincoln Institute of Land Policy.
  3. 17.Zovanyi G., 1998, Growth Management for a Sustainable Future: Ecological Sustainability to The New Growth Management Focus for The 21stst Century, Praeger.
  4. 4.Olivetti, A. M., 1999, Protecting Property Rights in American, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Department of Political Science, University of West Virginia, West Virginia, Morgantown.
  5. 2.Anderson, T. L. and Hill, P. J., 1983, “Privatizing the Commons:An Improvement?”, Southern Economic Journal, 50(2):438-450.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃兆偉(2012)。從財產權保障論我國土地徵收法制中公共利益要件之界定。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2012。1-217。 
  2. 林易萱(2009)。私有地上的生態保育:以雙連埤的協力治理為例。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2009。1-93。
  3. 謝俊輝(2016)。應用大數據及分析網路程序法探討學校用地再利用策略之研究。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2016。1-130。
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