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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3.林祥偉,2002,「地理資訊系統與人工智慧整合之研究」,國立臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所博士論文。
    2. 6.林聰吉,2011,「台灣政黨體系的制度化—大眾政治態度面向的探討」,臺灣民主季刊,第八卷第四期,135-160。
    3. 7.柯達昱,2009,「三種投票日當天選舉預測方法之績效評估」,國立臺灣大學社會科學院政治學系碩士論文。
    4. 9.徐永明,2001,「政治版圖:兩個選舉行為研究的途徑的對話」,問題與研究,第四十卷第二期,95-115。
    5. 10.徐永明、林昌平,2008,「統計方法與理論驗證的謬誤相關:以政治版圖變遷的研究為例,1989-2004」,東吳政治學報,第二十六卷第二期,83-115。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蘇昱安(2016)。朱立倫的危機與轉機—103年新北市長選舉空間分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-146。
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