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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳勁甫,競值架構應用在國民小學校長領導行為與學校組織效能關係之研究,國立高雄師範大學教育學系碩士論文,民國九十二年。
  2. 林文寶、吳萬益,「以組織學習觀點探討知識整合及運作特性對核心能力影響之研究」,台大管理論叢,第十五卷,第二期,第165~197 頁,民國九十四年。
  3. 林義屏,市場導向、組織學習、組織創新與組織績效間關係之研究-以科學園區資訊電子業為例,國立中山大學企業管理研究所博士論文,民國九十年。
  4. 林芳萍,台中市連鎖兒童英語補教機構核心能力與競和策略之關係,亞洲大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,民國九十六年。
  5. 高家斌,非營利組織市場導向與組織績效之研究 - 以企業文教基金會為例,國立台灣大學社會教育研究所碩士論文,民國九十年。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳錦富(2014)。一所私立直營連鎖全美語幼兒園經營 關鍵成功因素之個案研究。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2014。1-37。 
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