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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 165 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁學勤、陳青勇(2010)。校長轉型領導對教師組織承諾的影響:校長與教師交換品質之中介效果。商管科技季刊,4,1-36。
  2. 王婉玲(2007)。國中輔導人員角色壓力、輔導自我效能與職業倦怠之關係研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系,台北市。
  3. 王國浩(2009)。臺北市國民中學兼任行政職務教師角色壓力與工作滿意之研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所,台北市。
  4. 白崇亮(1986)。組織承諾研究:理論與實證。管理評論,30-51。
  5. 田欽文(2008)。國民中學兼任行政職教師工作滿意與組織承諾關係之研究--以台北縣為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班,台北市。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾維新(2015)。臺北市國民中學學務人員工作壓力與續任意願之關係研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-185。 
  2. 高峰騑(2015)。羽球運動參與者休閒涉入與幸福感之研究。屏東科技大學休閒運動健康系所學位論文。2015。1-81。 
  3. 陳玟吟(2015)。人事人員角色壓力、工作滿足與組織承諾之關聯性研究-以臺中巿國民小學為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2015。1-122。
  4. 胡毓珏(2015)。國小教師親子關係、工作壓力與幸福感之研究。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-206。
  5. 陳妍潓(2016)。高雄市國中教師休閒參與、休閒效益、休閒阻礙對幸福感之影響。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-184。
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