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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.巫啟台,「文件之關聯資訊萃取及其概念圖自動建構」,國立成功大學資訊工程學系碩博士班,碩士論文,2002。
  2. 3.林淑婉,「影響網路團購再購意願因素之研究」,大同大學事業經營所,碩士論文,2010。
  3. 4.張家蓁,「資料採礦應用於消費者網路團購因素探勘之研究」,淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班,碩士論文,2010。
  4. 6.曾元顯,「數位文件之資訊組織與主題分析自動化之技術與應用」,台北市立圖書館館訊,2002年,第二十卷,第二期,23-35。
  5. 9.詹益發,「網站部落格之顧客口碑評論分析研究-以台灣咖啡飲料市場為例」,元智大學資訊管理學系,碩士論文,2009。
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