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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王思翰,台灣運輸製造業群聚版圖變遷分析,國立政治大學地政研究所碩士論文,2007年,頁13-15。
  2. 邱晶晶,LED廠商之競爭策略分析-以Cree公司為例,政治大學科技管理研究所 碩士學位論文,2008年7月。
  3. 陳俊賢,產業群聚現象之研究-以製藥產業為例,國立成功大學都市計劃學系碩士論文,2007年7月。
  4. 陳靜儀,矽酸鹽螢光粉用於白光LED之光學模型,國立中央大學光電科學研究所碩士論文,2008年。
  5. 發光二極體的照明應用,科學發展,2009年3月,435期。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林錦章(2014)。政府產業政策制定對LED照明產業影響探討。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-98。
  2. 林楷濱(2014)。台灣發光二極體照明產業的策略定位與競爭分析。臺灣大學商學組學位論文。2014。1-54。
  3. 陳壬駿(2015)。差異化導向經營模式分析:以台陸LED領導廠商為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-127。
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