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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任耀庭(2005),「改革開放後中國大陸對外貿易的探討─貿易結構與生產波及效果的變化」,《遠景基金會季刊》(臺北),第6期第3卷,頁1-64。
  2. 洪淑芬(2010),「1990年代中期以來中國對外貿易商品結構與優勢-國際專業化指標的觀察」,《中國大陸研究》(臺北),第3期第53卷,頁89-124。
  3. 胡均立、詹方冠、張家愷(2010),「中國大陸各區域貿易集中度及產業結構之分析」,《台灣經濟論衡》(臺北),第8卷第11期,頁52-76。
  4. 張隆宏(2000),《發展製造業發展策略與升級指標發布研究三》,臺北:台灣經濟研究院 (經濟部工業局委託) 。
  5. 陳子芸、黃智聰、高安邦(2003),「中國大陸製造業的產業發展策略─BCG矩陣的應用」,《遠景基金會季刊》(臺北),第4卷第4期,頁117-153。
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