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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李國忠、林俊成、陳麗琴,2000,「台灣杉人工林碳吸存潛力及其成本效益分析」,『臺灣林業科學』,15(1):115-123。
  2. 林余真,2007,「都會區住宅空間分佈變遷及區位選擇因素之研究─以台北都會區為例」,國立政治大學地政學系碩士論文:台北。
  3. 林憲德、郭曉青、李魁鵬、陳子謙、陳冠廷,2001,「台灣海岸型城市之都市熱島現象與改善對策解析一以台南、高雄及新竹為例」,『都市與計畫』,28(3):323-341。
  4. 林憲德、陳冠廷、郭曉青,2001,「台灣中型都市熱島現象與土地利用之觀測解析」,『規劃學報』,28:47-64。
  5. 林裕彬、吳振發、鄧東波,2004,「景觀生態面指數分析汐止地區1990~2001 年土地利用時空間鑲嵌特徵」,『都市與計畫』,31(3):239~268。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡崴智(2013)。都市空間型態對家戶用電能源消耗之影響-以台北都會區為例。臺北大學都市計劃研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。
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