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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 150 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王佳煌(2010)。〈文化/創意產業、創意階級/城市論著的批判性檢視〉,《思與言》,48:131-190。
  2. 林佑聖、葉欣怡譯(2005)。《社會資本》,台北:弘智文化出版。(原書Lin,N. (2002). Social capital : a theory of social structure and action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. )
  3. 倪鳴香(2004)。〈童年的蛻變:以生命史觀看幼師角色的形成〉,《教育研究集刊》,50(4):27。
  4. 吳介民、李丁讚(2004)〈市民社會與公共領域在台灣的發展〉,收錄於李丁讚等人著,《公共領域在台灣:困境與契機》,台北:桂冠。
  5. Achtenhagen, L. (2008). Understanding Entrepreneurship in traditional media. Journal of media business studies, 5(1), 123-142.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖昱涵(2017)。當我成為媒體老闆:臺灣新創媒體萌發。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2017。1-118。 
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