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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 張永佶、林韶怡 (2008),知識型群聚之興起:群聚去空間化的可能性。創業管理研究2008年12月第三卷第四期, p.39-57。
  2. 1. 台灣文化創意產業發展年報(2011),行政院文化建設委員會發行。
  3. 1. Hill, E. W. and Brennan, J. F. (2000). "A methodology for identifying the drivers of industrial clusters: The foundation of regional competitive advantage." Economic Development Quarterly 14(1): 65.
  4. 2. Kleinhenz, J. (2000). "An introduction to the northeast Ohio clusters project."Economic Development Quarterly 14(1): 63.
  5. 3. Porter, M. E. (2000). "Location, competition, and economic development: Local clusters in a global economy." Economic Development Quarterly 14(1): 15.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭智方(2017)。臺灣煤礦產業文化資產網絡建構研究。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2017。1-183。 
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