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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 351 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 牛惠之、張文貞、楊秀儀、葉俊榮、雷文玫,天平上的基因:民為貴、Gene為輕,元照,2006年。
    2. 江東亮,醫療窮人不再有:全民健康保險論文集,國立台灣大學出版中心,2008年2版。
    3. 行政院衛生署,健康台灣,行政院衛生署,2008年。
    4. 金鐘範,韓國社會保障制度,上海人民,2010年。
    5. 姚玲珍,德國社會保障制度,上海人民,2010年。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 曾國亮(2013)。飛蚊症患者重複就診行為之研究。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-126。 
    2. 李明謙(2017)。初探我國健康照護改革方案— 以促進國民健康與重視被保險人個人責任為策略。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-58。 
    3. 王雅琪(2013)。總額預算制度下醫療機構間的策略互動。中正大學經濟系國際經濟研究所學位論文。2013。1-70。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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