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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 331 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王茹誼(2012)。國中學習障礙學生復原力對學校適應之影響(未出版之碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學,彰化縣。
  2. 余民寧、鍾珮純、陳柏霖、許嘉家、趙珮晴(2011)。教師健康行為、評價性支持與憂鬱傾向之關係:以主觀幸福感為中介變項。健康促進與衛生教育學報,35,23-48。
  3. 李新民、陳密桃(2008)。職場希望信念與職場復原力、組織美德行為之潛在關聯:以幼兒教師為例。當代教育研究,16(4),155-198。
  4. 林浥雰(2009)。青少年情緒智能、復原力與生活適應之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 洪福源(2005)。強化個人生活的力量與自信-復原力的觀點。輔導季刊,41(2),37-45。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙凌瑜(2013)。國中生問題解決態度與希望感關係之研究-以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-152。 
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