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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王振軒、董瑞國(2006)。公辦民營體系建構及非營利組織於體系中角色之政策分 析。政策研究學報,6,235-266。
    2. 李台京、吳秀月(2005)。新竹市政府與老人福利團體2001-2004互動關係之研究。中華行政學報,2,75-94。
    3. 何明修(2004)。文化、構框與社會運動。台灣社會學刊,33,157-199。
    4. 官有垣(2000)。非營利組織在台灣的發展:兼論政府對財團法人基金會的法令規範。中國行政評論,10(1),75-110。
    5. 林淑馨(2006)。日本地方政府的非營利組織政策:以三重縣與神奈川縣為例。公共行政學報,21,39-72。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 郭燕珊(2016)。高雄市社區照顧關懷據點之現況評估。中山大學公共事務管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-109。
    2. 許嘉柔(2016)。新北市幸福保衛站計畫執行之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2016。1-144。
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