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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 385 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 4. 吳文華,人民參與審判——沿革、類型與合憲性,國立政治大學法律學系碩士班論文,2012年7月。
    2. 9. 林紀東,中華民國憲法逐條釋義(第三冊),修訂初版,1982年1月。
    3. 20. 謝凱傑,我國採行人民參與審判制度之探討——以國民參審試行條例草案為中心,國立成功大學法律學系研究所碩士論文,2008年8月。
    4. 2. 何賴傑,從德國參審制談司法院人民觀審制,臺大法學論叢,41卷特刊,頁1189以下,2012年11月。
    5. 7. 林永謀,德國陪審、參審採行之理念上觀察,法令月刊,46卷1期,頁46-3以下,1995年1月。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 侯憶萍(2017)。人民參與審判制度之研究— 以陪審制與參審制之比較為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-140。 
    2. 林永村(2016)。從美國陪審制度論我國人民參與刑事審判制度之實踐。中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文。2016。1-298。
    3. 楊雅雯(2016)。人民參與審判與刑法民粹主義。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2016。1-174。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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